China should not exclude high carbon industries

2022-08-18
  • Detail

China should not exclude the high-carbon industry

Copenhagen full of fairy tales, but the damage resistance of composite materials is poor: compared with aluminum based materials, which can withstand a larger impact before fracture, the earth's environmental problems are put in front of mankind realistically and cruelly, and a more realistic and cruel outcome is left to the world to lament

last year's Copenhagen climate conference affected the Chinese like a nuclear storm. After decades of rapid economic development, everyone seems to see something more terrible than the bottleneck of economic development: the earth on which we live is overwhelmed

how bad is the situation? Wang Shi, chairman of the board of Vanke, loves climbing. He once climbed to the top of Mount Kilimanjaro because of watching "snow of Kilimanjaro". To his disappointment, there was no snow. The loss of not seeing snow is not great, but according to media reports, last year, western Liaoning experienced high temperature and little rain for more than two months from late June to late August. The worst drought in 60 years affected more than 30 million mu of farmland in Liaoning, of which more than 5 million mu dried up and failed to harvest, and the affected population was more than 3 million

low carbon and economy were originally incompatible, but now these two words have been combined into one. How to achieve both low carbon and economy has become a difficult problem faced by China and even the world

low carbon is relative

I think low carbon economy is a relative concept. Lu Xuedu, deputy director of the National Climate Center of China, told the times weekly that in fact, everyone is talking about low-carbon economy, but so far, there is no standard concept of low-carbon economy, but everyone understands the direction

as a major member of the Chinese climate change negotiating delegation, Lu Xuedu, who participated in the formulation of China's climate change policy, has participated in climate negotiations many times in recent years. In the first few months of the Copenhagen climate conference, he had confidence in the conference. However, just a few days before the conference, he lowered his expectations

the meeting is just like 1 Manual clamping is mainly used for single arm and double arm models. As expected, the negotiation is very difficult, and the production is usually carried out through additive manufacturing, and the debate is very fierce, but the result is indeed that there is no legally binding agreement, and the Copenhagen agreement gives countries a relatively decent end

we will not accept absolute low carbon. Lu Xuedu told him that he wanted to emphasize this issue in particular. In China, we talk about an index system, such as the greenhouse gas emissions required per unit of GDP, that is, carbon emissions. If there is no relative concept, it is easy to lead to political and diplomatic problems between countries, and even trade problems. That would backfire

he believes that an absolute indicator cannot be used to judge low carbon, and the indicators evaluated at different stages are different. For example, the low-carbon indicators of Guangdong and Shanxi are different. Therefore, the most important thing is that as an indicator, it should allow enterprises or countries in this region to develop towards lower and lower carbon emissions, and its economy can achieve the same development or even more development

what if God doesn't give me hydropower resources, but only coal resources? Lu Xuedu told that low carbon is related to the development of a country, the wealth of resources, and even the living habits of people in every country

he said, for example, our national resources are dominated by coal, while Brazil is dominated by hydropower, which accounts for more than 90%. Then more than 70% of our energy is coal. Hydropower does not emit carbon dioxide, but coal does not. If China and Brazil implement the same low-carbon targets, it is absolutely unacceptable

China's 30% carbon emission is for developed countries

high carbon emission industries have been impacted by low-carbon economy. In fact, according to people's inertial thinking, developing low-carbon economy must exclude high-carbon industries, while China, as a large manufacturing country, has many high-carbon industries

in my opinion, we should not exclude this high carbon emission industry, because if I don't produce cement, someone must produce cement, if I don't produce steel, someone must produce steel

when developing the economy, we look at low-carbon economy and traditional economy. The role of traditional economy is still relatively large

Lu Xuedu said that the main problem now is that while producing high energy consuming products, the energy consumption is relatively high compared with the current average level. For example, after Shougang moved to Hebei, the technical system it adopted was indeed higher than that in the capital

for example, if we invest in cement production enterprises in Dongguan, we should encourage them to adopt the most advanced production technology, including waste recycling. We should not look at a certain enterprise, but the whole system, especially the global system

although China's cement production is higher than that of the United States, the carbon emission per unit of cement in the United States is much higher than that of our country

he said that 20% to 30% of the carbon emissions calculated by China are emissions from developed countries. The accurate figures are different from each other. At least 15% are calculated, and 30% are more. In fact, it is about 25%. Our emissions come from producing for them, which is due to the different division of labor in the world, so blocking is not feasible

he told that at present, such enterprises with high carbon emissions are not subject to certain constraints, but they may be subject to constraints in the future. What China needs to do is to continuously reduce the energy consumption per unit of GDP, and enterprises should also develop in the direction of reducing energy consumption. Therefore, this should be encouraged and should not be excluded

however, how to develop low-carbon economy? When facing the high cost of transformation, many enterprises with high energy consumption and high emissions will hesitate, while the general public is also facing the cost of living when choosing a low-carbon life

we very much hope that everyone can participate voluntarily, but it is not enough to rely on voluntary participation alone. Lu Xuedu's sustainable development station has also been officially launched and believes that the government's planning is very important. For example, the government advocates and promotes the concept of low carbon, which requires the cooperation of all parties

what needs to be mentioned here is the government subsidy. When the government subsidizes enterprises, enterprises can make money, and customers who buy energy-saving products of enterprises will also feel cheap and cost-effective, but how long can the government subsidy support? How wide will it be

government subsidies are unsustainable. Lu Xue believes that what is needed at this time is an international strategy. China now requires developed countries to provide funds, technology transfer and capacity-building. I am willing to take action if you provide funds. For example, if I promote energy-saving lamps in Guangdong and even the whole country, I need a subsidy of 1.2 billion yuan. If you can guarantee to give me the money, I can guarantee to promote this energy-saving lamp

Lu Xuedu said that there are many low emission technologies, such as energy-saving lamps or other technologies, whose prices are relatively high at first, but will drop sharply when the technology continues to mature

you can't live on subsidies forever. He said that this means that incentives are needed at the beginning. To a certain extent, it is an autonomous virtuous cycle of development, and we must go to this step

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI